Framing, Roofing and Siding
Updated: May 11, 2021
Constructing your home requires several arts to come together. To have a solid and lasting house, there are very important stages that require a technical and professional approach. Mistakes in certain stages of construction might lead to defects or the ultimate collapse of your construction.
Here, we will be considering some of the most important steps in building a house. While the initiation and funding of your project is very important, a proper plan is crucial to the successful building of your home. Siding, framing and roofing are all very important stages of your home construction. Understanding these stages gives you the confidence you will need to take on your house construction project.
About Siding and Framing
Before you kick start your next housing project and begin placing orders for the siding materials, you need to understand how the wall construction will come together. On average, homes are built with either 2X4 or 2X6 studs with 16 inches on center positioning. This means 16 inches from the center of one stud to the next stud. The size of studs and height of walls largely depends on the planning and the personal choices of the builder.
So, what is framing? In construction, framing is building the walls, stairs, and other support beams that the rest of the more decorative parts of a home rest on. For different housing construction goals, framing materials can be steel, wood or engineered lumber.
In most cases, framing creates the vertical components that provide the stable frame for the exterior and interior covering of the walls. In recent times, platform framing is the choice framing method among builders. In this case, each new story goes on top of the previous one in the building. This method allows builders to use one floor as the platform to construct the next floor and provide a stable work surface.
Before platform framing came along, timber and balloon framing was the go-to framing method.
Platform framing replaced balloon framing in the 1940’s as it requires shorter pieces of lumber which are much cheaper, and it was realized that balloon framing can cause fire hazards. Platform framing allows for firebreaks to be built between each floor preventing the spread of fire throughout the house.
What makes platform framing more desirable as a builder is the fact that each floor acts as a platform to build the next on top of, hence the name platform framing.
For every other wall that has to go into the construction of this project, the frame is set on the previous floor. This stage of construction is completed when the roof trusses are added on top of the top floor walls. Among contemporary and modern house builders, this usual go-to method is very useful for your typical one to two-story buildings.
Benefits of Using Platform Framing
1. Cost Effectiveness: Platform framing uses shorter pieces of lumber in comparison to the previous framing method. This makes it easier for builders to acquire the lumber and save on cost.
2. Sturdy Platform: Since platform framing allows for breaks in the studs from level to level, the construction is sturdier than a single stud construction and fire is not able to easily spread from floor to floor.
Exterior finishing The house is not able to handle the harsh environments of Canada until there is a weatherproof siding installed on the outside present in it. Here, we will consider the siding and roofing component of house construction.
These are protection materials builders use to surface the outside of your home. This is important for the protection of these exterior surfaces from exposure to the elements, to provide a uniform and attractive surface, and to prevent heat loss. The type of siding you plan to use on your house is very important. The siding type you settle for has to come with proper protection with house wrap, roofing felt or building paper. These resistive surfaces are an important protection for your house wall while allowing it to breathe.
Types of Siding
There are several siding types. The common ones include horizontal lap siding, vertical board siding, clapboard, and shingles.
1. Horizontal Vinyl Siding: This siding type may come from fiber cement, pressed wood or wood. The application of horizontal siding can be as a shingle or as strips. The outcome of this siding type greatly depends on the evenness of the wall. Many homeowners prefer this siding type because it gives the traditional outlook on completion
2. Vertical Siding: Non-residential structures prefer this siding type. However, it is a decorative addition to the homes. During installation, this siding type requires some extra steps like adding furring strips for nailing. It also combines well with other siding types for a unique professional look.
3. Clapboard Siding: This is another simple form of siding in the form of wood siding. In essence, clapboard is solid dimension lumber siding that builders install horizontally. This creates a shingling effect that runs from top to bottom Not as commonly used as it was once due to the high cost of lumber.
4. Wood Shingle Siding: This siding type works wells with various architecture types. They are thin tapered pieces of wood useful for covering walls and roofs. This offers adequate protection from the weather and other natural elements.
This is the covering of the top of the building. The primary function is as a covering to protect against rain and other natural elements. Roofs come in different forms and varieties. There are different types of roofs for different buildings depending on the type of technicalities, economics or aesthetics that the builders or house owners aim to achieve. The common roof architecture types are flat, pitch, vault, dome, or combinations.
Types of Roofs
The two main style of roofs are flat roofs and sloping roofs. These roof selections depend on the areas, climate, drainage of rainwater etc.
1. Flat Roofs: This roof type selection is prevalent in the Middle East, southwest America and anywhere with an arid climate. This is due to the waterproof roofing materials and the steel support making it a practical choice for the region. Flat roofs are also useful for covering warehouses, office buildings and other commercial building
2. Sloping Roofs: There are varieties of sloping roofs for covering different houses. The simplest of this roofing type is the lean-to sloping roof. Here, there is just one slope. A sloping roof with two slopes to form the A shape is a Gable. These roof types are historical roofing types dating back to ancient Greece. Up until now, this roofing type is still a go-to architectural roofing choice to complete the building process.
From framing to siding to roofing, these are very important essentials in constructing solid and beautiful buildings. These important stages are crucial to achieving a sturdy and long-standing home that can be enjoyed for generations. From interior to exterior finishes, these stages should be carefully considered for a perfect house structure and warm finish.